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名称:正癸酰氯
 

纯度:99% 包装:160kg/桶
结构式
                  

CAS: 112-13-0
分子式: C10H19ClO
分子量: 190.71
 
中文名称: 癸酰氯
                      十酰氯
                      正癸酰氯
 
英文名称: decanoyl chloride
                      n-Decanoyl chloride
 
性质描述: 无色至草黄色透明液体,具有刺激性气味。熔点为-34.5℃,  沸点114℃(2.0kPa),94-96℃(0.67kPa),相对密度0.919,折光率1.4410,闪点106℃。

生产工艺:由正癸酸经氯化而得。将癸酸加入反应锅,在30℃以下慢慢滴加氯化亚砜。待反应缓和后,慢慢加热至80-90℃,反应至氯化氢气体不再逸出为止。常压回收氯化亚砜后,减压蒸馏,收集114-118℃(2.0kPa)馏分,得癸酰氯。
 
用途: 广泛用于过氧化物、涂料、引发剂、聚合物等行业。

其它信息:
Product Identification
【Product Name】Decanoyl chloride
【Synonyms】Caprinoyl chloride  癸酰氯
【CAS】112-13-0
【Formula】C10H19ClO
【Molecular Weight】190.72
【EINECS】203-938-0
【Beilstein/Gmelin】507055
【Beilstein Reference】4-02-00-01050
【EC Class】corrosive

Physical and Chemical Properties
【Appearance】Colorless liquid. Unpleasant, sharp odor.
【Solubility in water】Insoluble
【Melting Point】-34.5℃
【Boiling Point】233℃
【Vapor Pressure】0.06 (25℃)
【Density】0.919 g/cm3
【Partition Coefficient】4.71
【Heat Of Vaporization】47.0 kJ/mol
【Vapor Density】6.6
【Refractive Index】1.4410 (20℃)

First Aid Measures
【Ingestion】Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
【Inhalation】Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
【Skin】Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
【Eyes】Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).

Handling and Storage
【Storage】Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area. Store protected from moisture.
【Handling】Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not allow contact with water. Discard contaminated shoes. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.

Hazards Identification
【Ingestion】May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
【Inhalation】May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. May cause abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and inflammation of the gums and mouth.
【Skin】Causes skin burns.
【Eyes】Causes eye burns. Lachrymator.
【Hazards】When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
【EC Risk Phrase】R 34
【EC Safety Phrase】S 26 36/37/39 45
【UN (DOT)】3265

Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
【Personal Protection】Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
【Respirators】A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.

Fire Fighting Measures
【Flash Point】106℃
【Fire Fighting】Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Containers may explode when heated. Extinguishing media: Do NOT use water directly on fire. Use carbon dioxide or dry chemical. Do NOT get water inside containers. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
【Fire Potential】Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.

Accidental Release Measures
【Small spills/leaks】Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers.

Stability and Reactivity
【Disposal Code】11
【Stability】Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Incompatibilities】Strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents.
【Decomposition】Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, phosgene gas.
【Combustion Products】Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Transport Information
【UN Number】3265
【Hazard Class】8
【Packing Group】I; II; III
【HS Code】2915 90 80



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